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Road and Land Transport


Globally, more than 1.25 million people die in road traffic crashes every year and a further 50 million people are injured or disabled. It is estimated that this will increase to 2.4 million deaths each year by 2030, which will make road traffic crashes the fifth leading cause of death globally. Although low-and middle-income countries have only half of the world’s vehicles, they suffer 90% of the world’s road traffic deaths.


In Australia, nearly 1,300 people die in road traffic crashes every year and almost 40,000 people are hospitalised. Half of these deaths are among pedestrians, cyclists, and people on motorcycles. The cost of road traffic crashes (including fatal and non-fatal injury) is estimated to cost the Australian economy $30 billion per year. ​​

Transport-related injury is the second leading cause of injury deaths and the fourth leading cause of serious injury for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. 

Image by John Lockwood

Road Safety Strategies

Police Car

The Australian National Road Safety Strategy 2021-2030 is soon to be released and will be accompanied by a five-year National Road Safety Action Plan. The Strategy for 2021-30 sets targets to reduce the number of deaths and serious injuries over the next 10 years, with the objective of achieving Vision Zero (zero deaths and serious injuries) by 2050. The Strategy includes 2030 targets of:

  • a 50 percent reduction in fatalities; and

  • an interim 30 percent reduction in serious injuries.

The Strategy has three key themes: Safe Roads, Safe Vehicles, and Safe Road Use, with speed management embedded within all three themes.

Key reports

Image by Dominic Egginton

Read our latest position papers for road and land transport injury:

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